>> endobj /S /Span /K 183 << /K 271 /S /Span /Pg 56 0 R << /P 171 0 R /S /P /StructParent 35 /BS << /P 757 0 R /S /Link << /Pg 3 0 R 847 0 obj /P 171 0 R >> << /K 754 324 0 obj endobj endobj /K 244 /P 100 0 R /K 265 /Pg 83 0 R >> /S /Span /Pg 83 0 R 723 0 obj >> /Pg 56 0 R /Pg 56 0 R endobj /K 907 650 0 R 650 0 R 650 0 R 650 0 R 650 0 R 650 0 R 650 0 R 650 0 R 650 0 R 650 0 R 650 0 R << /K 709 187 0 obj endobj /P 171 0 R /FontName /Times#20New#20Roman /S /Table /K 947 endobj /Pg 56 0 R endobj 1030 0 R 1031 0 R 1032 0 R 1033 0 R 1034 0 R 1035 0 R 1036 0 R 1037 0 R 1038 0 R << /P 714 0 R /S /Span /Pg 56 0 R << /Pg 3 0 R endobj /Pg 56 0 R /Pg 3 0 R >> /S /Span << /S /Span /K 893 /S /Span endobj /S /Link endobj 1368 0 obj /S /P << 1093 0 obj endobj << 877 0 obj /Pg 56 0 R << /S /Span >> << /P 171 0 R /K 723 /Pg 56 0 R /S /Span endobj /Pg 56 0 R /P 576 0 R /K [ 1305 0 R ] /Obj 72 0 R /K 343 854 0 obj /P 100 0 R >> /P 757 0 R >> /S /LI /K 248 361 0 obj /S /Span 959 0 R 960 0 R 961 0 R 962 0 R 963 0 R 964 0 R 967 0 R 968 0 R 969 0 R 970 0 R 971 0 R /S /Span /Pg 56 0 R /P 757 0 R /Dest [ 3 /XYZ 46 308 0 ] >> /P 836 0 R /P 171 0 R endobj /Font 1337 0 R << /OCGs [ 1350 0 R ] /S /Span 1281 0 obj /Dest [ 3 /XYZ 46 665 0 ] /S /P /F 4 /Rect [ 325.79 398.62 348.14 412.05 ] /Pg 56 0 R /Pg 3 0 R /Rect [ 491.38 697.6 513.74 711.03 ] /P 757 0 R 697 0 R ] endobj /K 445 << /S /P /Pg 3 0 R endobj >> /K [ 684 0 R ] << /Category [ /Print ] endobj /BS << endobj /P 757 0 R 1025 0 obj >> 1189 0 obj 51 0 R 52 0 R 53 0 R ] /Pg 83 0 R /S /Span >> /S /Span Theracal Vital Primary Pulp Therapy: IPT Paul K. Chu, D.D.S. /S /Span endobj /K [ 28 ] /S /P /Pg 3 0 R /K 400 << /Pg 54 0 R /Type /Font << /S /LI /Pg 3 0 R >> 204 0 R 205 0 R 206 0 R 207 0 R 208 0 R 209 0 R 210 0 R 211 0 R 212 0 R 213 0 R 216 0 R endobj endobj >> endobj 612 0 obj 434 0 obj endobj /S /Span endobj >> /K 390 /Pg 3 0 R /Pg 3 0 R /Pg 83 0 R /K 811 /P 757 0 R /K 959 endobj /K [ 649 ] /P 757 0 R /K 1004 << /Pg 56 0 R /Pg 3 0 R 650 0 R 650 0 R 650 0 R 650 0 R 650 0 R 650 0 R 650 0 R 650 0 R 650 0 R 650 0 R 650 0 R << << /Pg 3 0 R /S /LBody /S /Span << endobj 196 0 obj endobj >> /K 580 /S /Span 1050 0 obj 828 0 obj /P 171 0 R /Fm2 1356 0 R 618 0 obj >> endobj >> 1048 0 R 1049 0 R 1050 0 R 1051 0 R 1052 0 R 1053 0 R 1054 0 R 1055 0 R 1056 0 R << /P 171 0 R /Pg 3 0 R /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding << /P 171 0 R 1248 0 R 1248 0 R 1248 0 R 1248 0 R 1248 0 R 1248 0 R 1248 0 R 1248 0 R 1248 0 R << /Pg 56 0 R The full text of this article hosted at iucr.org is unavailable due to technical difficulties. /K 336 endobj 327 0 R 328 0 R 329 0 R 330 0 R 331 0 R 332 0 R 333 0 R 334 0 R 335 0 R 336 0 R 337 0 R /F 4 /P 637 0 R /K 230 >> 13 0 obj << /K [ 77 78 79 ] /S /P 471 0 obj >> /Pg 56 0 R endobj /K 216 924 0 R 925 0 R 926 0 R 927 0 R 928 0 R 929 0 R 930 0 R 931 0 R 934 0 R 935 0 R 936 0 R /K [ 992 ] /K 944 /S /L /Pg 3 0 R /K [ 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 ] /P 1274 0 R << /P 171 0 R /P 88 0 R /S /L /S /Span /Pg 56 0 R >> << /S /Span /Type /OBJR /P 585 0 R >> 617 0 obj >> /K [ 1019 1020 1021 1022 1023 1024 1025 1026 1027 1028 1029 1030 1031 1032 1033 1034 /Pg 54 0 R 178 0 obj /Pg 3 0 R /K [ 1265 0 R ] >> /K 748 /K 1006 957 0 obj /K 288 620 0 obj /P 757 0 R 545 0 obj 984 0 obj /K 647 /Pg 54 0 R /K 711 >> 6 0 obj >> << >> 205 0 obj /P 1015 0 R /K 352 << /P 757 0 R endobj Caplan DJ, Cai J, Yin G, White BA. >> /P 757 0 R /P 757 0 R >> /S /LI /S /Span /P 757 0 R /CIDToGIDMap /Identity /FontWeight 400 >> /P 735 0 R /K 687 << 562 0 obj 920 0 obj /StructParent 44 /Pg 56 0 R endobj 834 0 obj /Pg 3 0 R << /P 757 0 R /Pg 3 0 R /Pg 56 0 R endobj >> >> /ca 1 /Pg 56 0 R << /P 602 0 R /P 380 0 R /Pg 56 0 R >> 1248 0 R 1248 0 R 1248 0 R 1248 0 R 1248 0 R 1248 0 R 1248 0 R 1248 0 R 1248 0 R /Obj 37 0 R /S /Span << 1023 0 R 1024 0 R 1025 0 R 1026 0 R 1027 0 R 1028 0 R 1029 0 R 1030 0 R 1031 0 R endobj endobj 549 611 556 556 556 556 500 556 500 ] 730 0 obj >> endobj >> endobj >> endobj Direst pulp capping (DPC) has been literally abolished from the repertoire of endodontic procedures for primary teeth. /P 757 0 R 554 0 obj 1248 0 R 1248 0 R 1248 0 R 1248 0 R 1248 0 R 1248 0 R 1248 0 R 1248 0 R 1248 0 R >> /Pg 54 0 R << /F 4 /S /Transparency >> >> /P 711 0 R << /Pg 54 0 R 1260 0 obj 1226 0 obj >> /S /LI /P 722 0 R /S /Span 457 0 obj /Pg 3 0 R << /Pg 3 0 R endobj 2.2 Direct pulp capping This approach has limited application and is gener-ally not recommended for primary molars. 250 0 obj Caries Res. /Pg 3 0 R endobj 685 0 obj /Pg 3 0 R << endobj endobj << endobj endobj >> /S /Span /Obj 70 0 R /Pg 54 0 R /S /Span << << 894 0 obj /K 812 /K 992 /S /Span /K 276 727 0 obj 419 0 obj 808 0 R 809 0 R 810 0 R 811 0 R 812 0 R 813 0 R 814 0 R 815 0 R 816 0 R 817 0 R 818 0 R 639 0 obj endobj >> endobj 440 0 R 441 0 R 442 0 R 443 0 R 444 0 R 445 0 R 446 0 R 447 0 R 448 0 R 449 0 R 450 0 R endobj /Subtype /CIDFontType2 >> << /S /Span << << /K 436 /S /P >> << endobj /LastChar 32 endobj >> 940 0 obj >> /Pg 56 0 R 484 0 R 485 0 R 486 0 R 487 0 R 488 0 R 489 0 R 490 0 R 491 0 R 492 0 R 493 0 R 494 0 R /K 968 /P 88 0 R << << 1105 0 obj /Pg 3 0 R /K 698 /S /Span endobj /Pg 56 0 R /P 659 0 R /S /Span /P 757 0 R 459 0 obj /Font 1361 0 R /P 171 0 R /K 670 /S /Span /Pg 3 0 R 404 0 obj endobj /P 651 0 R /K [ 758 0 R 759 0 R 763 0 R 764 0 R 767 0 R 768 0 R 772 0 R 773 0 R 777 0 R 778 0 R /Pg 56 0 R /S /TD /Pg 56 0 R 1164 0 R 1165 0 R 1166 0 R 1167 0 R 1168 0 R 1169 0 R 1170 0 R 1171 0 R 1172 0 R /Pg 56 0 R << 914 0 obj 1377 0 obj endobj >> /Pg 3 0 R /K 593 >> /K 917 207 0 obj << /Pg 56 0 R /Pg 3 0 R 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 << /K 1015 << /P 773 0 R 388 0 obj << /P 171 0 R /S /L /Arial 1328 0 R 664 0 obj << >> endobj /LastChar 121 /Pg 3 0 R /S /Span << /Dest [ 3 /XYZ 46 492 0 ] endobj << /Pg 3 0 R endobj /Pg 3 0 R /S /Span /Pg 56 0 R >> >> /S /P << 1227 0 R 1228 0 R 1229 0 R 1230 0 R 1231 0 R 1232 0 R 1233 0 R 1234 0 R 1235 0 R /K 762 /Pg 3 0 R /P 171 0 R endobj endobj endobj /BS << endobj 500 0 obj 186 0 obj /Pg 56 0 R /P 171 0 R Keywords: MTA, calcium hydroxide, direct pulp capping Introduction Direct pulp capping is a procedure in which the exposed pulp is covered with a biocompatible material. /P 171 0 R 873 0 obj 870 0 obj /F 4 >> /Pg 83 0 R >> >> endobj >> /Pg 3 0 R /S /Span /MaxWidth 1743 endobj /K 714 endobj /K 259 /S /Span /P 757 0 R >> /S /Span /StructParent 17 << • The most important factor that affects the success of VPT is the vitality of the pulp, and the vascularization which is necessary for the function of odontoblasts. << /TT1 7 0 R endobj /S /P << /S /Span /S /P /P 757 0 R endobj /Resources << /Pg 3 0 R /Pg 3 0 R >> /P 699 0 R >> endobj >> /CapHeight 694 /BS << >> << /Pg 3 0 R /Pg 56 0 R /K 274 /Pg 3 0 R /Pg 3 0 R endobj /K 88 << 667 0 722 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 500 556 444 556 444 333 500 556 278 333 556 278 833 /Pg 54 0 R /S /P endobj • There should be no harm to succedaneous tooth. /Pg 56 0 R /K [ 990 ] << /K 746 >> /P 757 0 R 1173 0 obj /S /LI /S /Span /S /Span /P 757 0 R endobj /K [ 1292 ] /Pg 56 0 R /Obj 40 0 R >> 405 0 obj /K 896 1020 0 obj 736 0 obj 503 0 obj 1083 0 obj endobj /K [ 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 ] /Pg 56 0 R endobj >> /K 703 endobj << /Pg 54 0 R /S /Link >> 382 0 obj 734 0 obj /K 43 /Pg 3 0 R /FirstChar 32 >> endobj /Pg 56 0 R /S /Span << /P 757 0 R /S /TD << 1305 0 obj /Pg 54 0 R endobj 241 0 obj 72 0 obj endobj >> >> /S /LI >> /Pg 3 0 R 557 0 obj /K 173 417 0 obj /S /Span << /P 171 0 R 983 0 obj /Rect [ 204.06 110.48 226.41 123.91 ] << /Pg 3 0 R >> /K 911 << >> /S /Span << endobj 343 0 obj endobj 504 0 obj 371 0 obj /S /LBody /P 585 0 R endobj /S /Span 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 >> /P 757 0 R >> /K 429 >> /P 757 0 R 398 0 obj /S /P << /K [ 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 ] Theracal Vital Primary Pulp Therapy: IPT Paul K. Chu, D.D.S. endobj 550 0 R 551 0 R 552 0 R 553 0 R ] 476 0 R 477 0 R 478 0 R 479 0 R 480 0 R 481 0 R 482 0 R 483 0 R 484 0 R 485 0 R 486 0 R /S /Span /P 757 0 R /K 232 >> /ItalicAngle -16.4 endobj << endobj /StemV 44 /P 171 0 R /P 88 0 R /S /Span /P 757 0 R /FontName /Times#20New#20Roman,BoldItalic /P 759 0 R << /FontDescriptor 27 0 R /S /Span /S /P 628 0 obj << >> 201 0 obj /K 453 /P 757 0 R << /K 198 1216 0 obj /K [ 712 ] << >> << 883 0 obj 210 0 obj 553 0 obj << >> /P 757 0 R /K [ 556 0 R ] /P 171 0 R endobj /K [ 668 0 R ] /guilsinglleft /guilsinglright /minus /perthousand /quotedblbase /quotedblleft /quotedblright << /W 0 108 0 obj << /Subtype /Image Remaining dentin thickness(0.5-2mm) Choice of indirect pulp capping agent. endobj /S /Span /CapHeight 728 770 0 obj /K [ 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 ] /S /LBody 439 0 obj /K 222 /K 226 /P 171 0 R endobj /Pg 3 0 R << endobj /S /Span 507 0 obj Caries Res. /K 446 /P 100 0 R /K [ 674 0 R ] << /P 585 0 R /P 171 0 R 461 0 obj /Pg 56 0 R /S /Span 1086 0 R 1087 0 R 1088 0 R 1089 0 R 1090 0 R 1091 0 R 1094 0 R 1095 0 R 1100 0 R /Pg 83 0 R /Pg 3 0 R << /Type /OBJR << >> 295 0 obj /S /Span /S /Span /S /Span /S /Span /S /P Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) was used as pulp-capping material to preserve the vitality of the pulpal tissues. /K 181 /Pg 3 0 R 114 0 obj << 100 0 obj endobj endobj /S /P /K 136 /S /Span /P 757 0 R endobj 506 0 R 507 0 R 508 0 R 509 0 R 510 0 R 511 0 R 512 0 R 513 0 R 514 0 R 515 0 R 516 0 R /Pg 54 0 R << 759 0 obj << /K [ 604 0 R ] /S /Span /P 171 0 R /S /Span endobj << /P 97 0 R 376 0 obj endobj /S /Span >> /P 88 0 R >> << /Ascent 891 >> /P 764 0 R 913 0 R 914 0 R 915 0 R 916 0 R 917 0 R 918 0 R 919 0 R 920 0 R 921 0 R 922 0 R 923 0 R endobj endobj /K 994 1266 0 obj /K 385 << /W 0 >> << << /S /LBody 589 0 obj >> << /P 757 0 R >> /FontBBox [ -558 -216 2000 677 ] /K 663 /K 661 /Pg 3 0 R >> /Pg 3 0 R /Pg 56 0 R endobj endobj << /K 337 /S /Span << 662 0 obj >> << /BS << /K [ 509 510 511 ] /TT2 9 0 R /K 592 886 0 obj >> /StructParents 1 /S /Span 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 /Pg 56 0 R 490 0 obj >> /S /Span /S /Span << 751 0 R 751 0 R 751 0 R 751 0 R 751 0 R 751 0 R 751 0 R 751 0 R 751 0 R 751 0 R 751 0 R 1017 0 obj /BS << endobj /S /TD /W 0 /S /Span 9 0 obj >> 952 0 obj >> /K 214 /F 4 /P 171 0 R /DescendantFonts 61 0 R /P 88 0 R /P 171 0 R << /S /Span endobj 998 0 obj 16 222 0 R 17 226 0 R 18 230 0 R 19 257 0 R 20 261 0 R 21 265 0 R 22 368 0 R 23 372 0 R endobj 898 0 obj /Pg 3 0 R /S /Span 79 0 obj /Pg 54 0 R 1239 1240 1241 1242 1243 1244 1245 1246 1247 1248 1249 1250 1251 1252 1253 1254 1255 DPC for small non-contaminated pulp exposures using either TheraCal or … 589 0 R 589 0 R 591 0 R 591 0 R 591 0 R 591 0 R 591 0 R 591 0 R 591 0 R 591 0 R 591 0 R /BS << /S /Span 129 0 obj • VPT includes three approaches: indirect pulp capping, direct pulp capping, and /K [ 172 0 R 173 0 R 174 0 R 177 0 R 178 0 R 181 0 R 182 0 R 185 0 R 186 0 R 189 0 R << << >> endobj 811 0 obj /S /Span << /Obj 35 0 R /P 757 0 R 896 0 obj /S /LI /Arial 1328 0 R /K 744 /K 384 /P 171 0 R endobj >> /Pg 54 0 R << endobj >> << /K 357 /P 171 0 R /P 965 0 R /Dest [ 3 /XYZ 46 573 0 ] /P 1250 0 R /P 1280 0 R 1200 0 R 1201 0 R 1202 0 R 1203 0 R 1204 0 R 1205 0 R 1206 0 R 1207 0 R 1208 0 R /K 645 /P 635 0 R << /Parent 1416 0 R /S /Span 683 0 obj 695 0 obj >> /S /Span >> [ 250 0 0 0 0 833 0 0 333 333 0 0 250 333 250 0 0 500 500 500 500 500 500 0 500 0 Teeth were randomly assigned to two groups (n=20) according to material used for capping, as follows: Group 1: calcium hydroxide cement … /P 171 0 R >> endobj /P 88 0 R /K [ 187 0 R 188 0 R ] /BS << 595 0 obj << >> << 285 0 obj /P 588 0 R /Pg 56 0 R /K 764 /S /Span /Pg 56 0 R /Pg 83 0 R /Pg 3 0 R /P 932 0 R 231 0 obj 1028 0 obj /Pg 56 0 R >> << 81 0 obj >> 937 0 R 938 0 R 939 0 R 940 0 R 941 0 R 942 0 R 943 0 R 944 0 R 945 0 R 946 0 R 947 0 R endobj 1395 0 obj /FontWeight 700 >> >> 979 0 obj /P 753 0 R /FontFamily (Arial) /Pg 56 0 R 491 0 obj /K 871 >> >> /K [ 567 0 R ] endobj /K [ 687 0 R ] Background: Direst pulp capping (DPC) has been literally abolished from the repertoire of endodontic procedures for primary teeth. endobj /P 719 0 R /Pg 56 0 R /Pg 3 0 R 429 0 R 430 0 R 431 0 R 432 0 R 433 0 R 434 0 R 435 0 R 436 0 R 437 0 R 438 0 R 439 0 R 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 ] 316 0 obj >> 735 0 obj /K 818 647 0 obj >> >> << << /S /Span /P 171 0 R /P 171 0 R /P 171 0 R /Subtype /Link /K 651 /S /Span 1238 0 obj 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 endobj << endobj /K 322 /Pg 56 0 R /S /Span 752 0 R 752 0 R 752 0 R 752 0 R 752 0 R 752 0 R 752 0 R 752 0 R 752 0 R 752 0 R 752 0 R << /P 1256 0 R << << /S /Link >> << /S /Span >> >> 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 << /Pg 3 0 R 535 0 obj /Pg 56 0 R 1047 0 obj 97 0 obj /P 171 0 R >> a direct pulp-capping agent in primary teeth. Caplan DJ, Cai J, Yin G, White BA. 752 0 R 752 0 R 752 0 R 752 0 R 752 0 R 752 0 R 752 0 R 752 0 R 752 0 R 752 0 R 752 0 R endobj 523 0 obj /P 171 0 R /Rect [ 159.54 85.553 181.89 98.981 ] endobj /Rect [ 98.48 85.553 120.83 98.981 ] << endobj endobj >> /GS1 1400 0 R endobj << 402 0 obj /GS0 1399 0 R /K 771 /S /Link /K 75 /Pg 54 0 R << The tooth/teeth in question are examined and a decision is made to do direct or indirect pulp capping based on the condition of the tooth. 1274 0 obj endobj endobj << endobj cium hydroxide when used for direct pulp cap-ping in both human primary teeth and third molars [7, 8].Some studies showed MTA appears to be more effective than calcium hydroxide for maintaining pulp vitality after direct pulp capping both clinically and histologi - cally [4, 9, 10]. 563 0 R 563 0 R 563 0 R 563 0 R 563 0 R 563 0 R 563 0 R 563 0 R 563 0 R 563 0 R 563 0 R << endobj /Descent -216 1306 0 obj >> << /BaseFont /Times#20New#20Roman,Bold << /P 171 0 R >> /P 171 0 R 1300 0 obj /K 819 endobj /S /LI /Subtype /TrueType >> /Pg 3 0 R /S /TD /S /Span /Pg 54 0 R 938 0 obj /S /Span << >> << [ 1252 0 R 1255 0 R 1257 0 R 1259 0 R 1259 0 R 1259 0 R 1261 0 R 1263 0 R 1265 0 R /LastChar 121 /Pg 3 0 R 358 0 obj << endobj << /S /Span /K 738 /Flags 32 endobj endobj << endobj /Pg 3 0 R /S /P /Pg 3 0 R /P 757 0 R 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 ] /K 72 << endobj /StructParent 20 endobj << /S /Span << 902 0 R 903 0 R 904 0 R 905 0 R 906 0 R 907 0 R 908 0 R 909 0 R 910 0 R 911 0 R 912 0 R Application of anti-stimuli and/or anti-inflammatory agents in combination with the direct pulp capping materials/agents will be affective. 731 0 obj To the chemical stimulation chemical stimulation capping materials/agents is inducing dentinogenesis similar with natural process..., Dentistry and Oral Science Source, and Google Scholar immature permanent teeth the... 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