All classes of goats need a diet of about 16% protein, which should include a good mix of energy and roughage. However, I do have a 4 year degree in Animal Science & Industry from a University, a Master’s degree in Agricultural Education & over a decade of experience raising goats. The goal of a wintering program is to economically provide the necessary nutrients to help them maintain a reasonable body condition, lose no weight and keep warm. Goat Fodder Information For Beginners. For example, a mixture of corn, soybean meal, oats, and molasses we feed is around 14% protein. INFORMATION IN TODAYS VIDEO: Goats need your help to go through winter in a good way. The type of quality shelter truly only depends on a few main things: Must be draft free and breeze free. Unfortunately, I think we're lookin' at a pretty nasty winter this year. I believe you can live and work the way you want to without the worry, fear and overwhelm. What to Feed Goats in winter? Forage can be either grass hay or legume hay. Grain-based feeds are lower in roughage than forage or pastures, which are 100% roughage. 3. It is better to provide the supplements in small and appropriate ratio. Know what’s in the feed and roughage you are feeding your goats. Goats eat more hay in the winter because they don’t have access to pasture. Winter is always tough not only on our goats (and other livestock), but our pocketbooks as well for the extra feed we have to get to supplement feeding. It's what they eat in the winter when they don't have access to grazing ground. Orange peels, banana peels, Garlic skins, tomato ends, etc that means all kinds of vegetable and fruits cuttings are regarded as garden and kitchen scraps. Plenty of good forage also keeps the animals warm during winter. Take a fecal sample to check for parasites. Within each group of goats, there might be different goats using different amounts of energy that will require more energy. ‘Off The Grid News’ is an independent, weekly email newsletter and website that is crammed full of practical information on living and surviving off the grid. You can buy a bagged feed from a feed store or grind your own at the local coop. They are so important to help goats get through a cold day. Winter Care of Goats – A Complete Guide. Brooms from branches and young shoots are harvested in advance. Goats should actually be put outside every day unless you have really extreme weather, such as single digit wind chill or storm. Just have a good feeder for minimal hay waste and hope that it's a mild winter! That really isn’t so much of an issue. Depending on how the hay was stored, it may have turned yellow around the edges, but as long as it’s green in the center, it should be fine. Knowledge (and a little preparation) is key in preparing to meet your goats’ needs for protein, energy, vitamins and minerals and water. Growing, pregnant, and lactating goats require an even higher percentage of protein. But if you are in an area that has very cold temperatures or a lot of snow, you will need to keep your goats in hay at all times. Feed it a Christmas tree. If you have to cut corners, save your highest quality hay for your gestating does, as their systems will need the biggest boost. Just be aware that snacks are just that. But I hope I’ve given you the next step. Here I have explained about some foods you may provide your deer in winter: Woody browse; As herbivorous, deer generally eat various kinds of vegetation. You are your goats observing and loving caretaker. We use cookies to personalize content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyze our traffic. The best goat feeds for winter are hay and grain supplements. While goats are generally pretty good at keeping themselves warm, this potential exists. By Jodie Pennington. Okay, I’m making the long story short. Maintain a holding area to keep animals in at least part-time when the fields are extremely muddy to prevent them from ruining the field. And while not all of them worked as well as some, I’m here to day to share the mistakes and the success I’ve found with feeding goats through the winter. The step you need to take to help your goats stay strong and healthy all Winter. There are many other nutrients you need to include in your goats’ diets. For this reason, we prefer to feed second cut hay exclusively in the winter months to all of our goats. We have done both and it’s about the same cost in the end. Being overweight can lead to kidding issues (like pregnancy toxemia). Therefore, you will want to invest in a substantial amount of hay. That grains are not good for animals. Cull goats that are more susceptible to worms or other health issues or who struggle with maintaining good body condition. Some other good examples of carbs include:– Beet Pulp,– Silage,– Barley,– Cottonseed. Feed your goats mold free qualified grasses based hay. Or break it up in to twice per day feedings but don’t feed extra unless their BCS is less than 3. “Perennial grasses such as timothy, tall fescue and bluegrass have been traditionally used for stockpile grazing.” (2), The Best All-Natural Wormer For Your Livestock Is Right Here. Depending on the quality of these, a goat may need nothing more. Goats need to maintain this condition through the winter. Keep your best animals through the winter and start your herd out fresh in the spring. Well, there’s some things to keep in mind:– Your budget,– What is available to you,– What is local,– Nutrient Value,– What’s your goal with your goats.I recommend beginning with a good 16-18% protein goat feed. Here’s a quick summary of basic winter goat care: Make sure they have fresh, unfrozen water Provide a shelter preferably with at least 10 square feet per animal … You can read my article about the goat feed list and read where I have mentioned a list of goat feeds during winter in order to get a proper understanding. If you’re used to raising animals like chickens, ducks, or pigs, this can make the concept of feeding sheep much more complicated than it actually needs to be. Again, work with a feed nutritionist to make sure your ration is balanced for goats. If you’re unsure as to how to formulate a diet, you can work with a nutritionist to formulate a good diet or buy a proven diet from your local feed store. In general, most wintering programs consist of both forage and supplement components. You just need to keep body condition score in mind. We’re here for you whether you’re caring for goats in winter, spring, summer, and fall! The goat’s rumen acts like a furnace when in use which helps to keep them warm in the cold weather. BCS is a simple numbering system used to determine if your goats are holding good weight, maintaining weight or getting too thin. Quality alfalfa or grass hay may be fed to the goats during winter. Or, adding alfalfa pellets, if good legume hay … If you live in an area with changing seasons, with snow in the winter for example, this will prevent your goats from grazing. Also, be sure to check if there are poisonous weeds in the bale. Or, rotate your animals to other stockpiled fields. Different kinds of hays are found, among those legume hays alfalfa, lespedeza and clover are enriched in protein. Hay, in goats, for example, will help them to stay warmer in the winter. Learn What A Rewarding Experience Raising Goats Can Be! Does your goat have bad breath? It is better to give barley and oat straw in an amount of not more than 2 kilograms per day, as an addition to hay. Quality alfalfa or grass hay may be fed to the goats during winter. Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site! Vegetables (roots) - give 2-3 kilograms to adults in a well-washed and shredded form. On the day of the animal can eat 400-500 grams of brooms from various deciduous and coniferous trees. What to feed goats in winter. When feeding hay as a primary feed, nutritional analysis is critical to the health of your herd. In Indre-et-Loire, at La Ferme des croq’epines, Céline Durchon’s goats have also been enjoying the festive snack. You need to get kids dried off as quickly as possible when temperatures are below freezing because of the risk of hypothermia. Winter can be hard on goats and other livestock. Both of us are human beings – Not Super Heros. Most commercial feed for goats ranges between 11-18 percent protein. Grass hay alone, may not have sufficient protein to keep goats warm in the winter. What to feed your goats to keep them healthy all winter long. If you’re new to raising sheep, knowing what to feed your flock can be downright overwhelming, and knowing what NOT to feed your flock is vitally important.. Like people, sheep don’t require specific, pre-formulated feeds. I get this question a lot. Too much protein is not stored in the body, but excreted in the urine. The hay which is fed to the goats should be about 3 – 4 pounds in a day. Each goat needs about two to four pounds of hay per day (3-4% of body weight in pounds), which can be fed free choice or twice a day. Seed Spreader: https://amzn.to/2liRy3CAFH T-Shirts and Hoodies! In winter, goat should be given branch feed. Additionally, grazing your goats on the pasture, spreading manure, can save you the time of having to manure in the spring. A little too thin. The goal of a wintering program is to economically provide the necessary nutrients to help them maintain a reasonable body condition, lose no weight and keep warm. These classes include:– Pregnant Does,– Lactating Does,– Older or Thin Does,– Goats that are growing.These groups of goats in their seasons are using a lot of energy and could get run down in the stress of the cold if not supplemented. New Heritage Feed Co. For A Healthy Herd In the Winter (and All Year Long) Simple things like feeding them grass hay, instead of feed made from grain go a long way in helping your goats stay warm. It did not go well. It’s most important to keep your goats’ feed balanced and as healthy as possible. Let’s dive in. There’s so many options for goat feeds out there! Goats must have forage in their diets. Now that winter is here I started giving my NGs goat feed (2 cups feed and 2 cups pellets for 2 goats) one a day in addition to the hay. We’ve had great luck with it. Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs. In snowy regions, stockpiled pastures tend to last until about December, depending on the type of grass grown. No, we make sure they have enough browse and minerals. Feed the whole ration once per day. Here's some great safe pressure canning tips for beginning home canners. The calcium/phosphorus ratio in a good goat diet needs to be 2:1. We feed our goats in the winter with hay, using a bale grazing approach. Learn how you can do the same thing! And it gives them nice, fresh breath. During winter there are no green pastures for vitamin and it good to supply them with vitamin supplements but in a small ratio. Here’s the numbering system with descriptions:1: Deathly thin. Reddy-November 10, 2017. Definitely take a fecal and start deworming. Weedy hay is so beneficial because it is not only cheap, but also containing a large amount of nutrition. featured goat Goats nutrition pasture winter. My answer is that it depends on your time and your goats. Complete Feeds for Goats It is possible to feed "complete feeds" to dairy goats, in which all the necessary feeds are included in one mix: roughages, concentrates, vitamins and minerals all mixed together. Goat’s need: – A high protein balanced 2:1 Ca-P Diet,– Good Quality Hay for Roughage,– Minerals. Is This The Absolute Best Gun For Concealed Carry During Winter? So, too much protein isn’t necessarily a good thing. Forages, be that grass silage, hay or haylage, will make up the largest proportion of a goat’s winter diet. You should be able to see ribs and the backbone and the goat may act weak. There’s a lot of information, so I’m going to try to break it up in a way that’s easy for you to read. Disclaimer: I am not a veterinarian. After a few weeks, we gradually added some grain into their diet. Pressure canning is safer and easier than you might believe. Healthy goats should not need to be given a supplement feed throughout the winter, but underweight or older goats will benefit from additional feeding. The most common succulent goat food is silage. If your goats get to a 2, you should really consider feeding extra and checking for parasites. My goats hate anything falling from the sky, and refuse to go outside when it’s raining, snowing, or hailing. A bale is always placed in a new site to maximize its full potential. It highly depends on what is available to you and also the needs of your goats. Forage can be a grass, or a legume such as alfalfa. Please let me know in the comments if this post has helped you. During the winter months, producers rely heavily on feeding hay as a roughage source in order to In severe weather, goats will eat more than normal just to maintain body temperature. Feed free choice hay plus… • 1 lb of grain for every 3 lbs of milk produced in mid-lactation • 1 lb of grain for every 5 lbs of milk produced in late-lactation • Free choice minerals • Fresh, clean water . Rain, shine, cold or heat, New Heritage Feed Co. But this compost can be used as goat feed because it acts as an onion ends good diet of goat. In winter season, the green food should not be given. Total intake of feed dry matter/hd/day ranges from 3.5 to 5.5% of body weight with 4.5% being typical. Fir branches can be given to goats, but they should be given in small quantities. Every once in a while I used to put some out but since nobody ever ate it, I no longer bother. This goat feed can be used on all breeds of goats, and it has been research-proven to offer a wide variety of health and vitality benefits. Tag: What To Feed Goats In Winter. When it’s cold, they need to have enough. Never ignore a doe that is BCS 2 or 1. The best eaten branches are aspen, maple, linden, oak, rowan, birch. Look for extraneous matter like rocks, baling wires or twine, excessive weeds or other items. We bottle feed all our kid goats and for the first 7 days of life they are in the house – if the kid goat seems chilled or your barn is cold and the heat lamp is just not keeping the area warm enough would advise bringing the kid goats inside – don’t lose them from the cold. And in many places during the Winter, the Baling hay during the peak season of the grass or Legume OatAlfalfaBromeOrchard 1 round per month and at least 2 backup Guinea Linx web site has a great hay chart that tells you how much dry matter, Ca:P Ratio and nutrient value many different types of hay contains. Increase minerals and protein. If you are looking to get a sweet feed for goats, the Sweet Unique formula features the use of highly digestible and fermentable fibers that will provide basic nutrition for multiple livestock species including all the classes or dairy and beef cattle, goats, adult horses, ewes, deer, and more. If you are in the south, where there is some forage, then you can take advantage. It contains our proprietary blend of essential oils, which works with natural ingredients and nutrients to support goats’ immune systems. Complete Goat Ration Pellets (16%) are a goat owner’s best friend. Provide plenty of feed. The five areas you should concentrate on, when it comes to your goats in winter are their food, the water, the shelter, their coats as well as their health and hygiene. Are you interested in learning more about water bath canning? And if it’s windy, and the goat is outside, a kid can get hypothermia at fairly reasonable temperatures. All the animals would show the same behavior - we had 8 cows, 2 horses, 2 donkeys, 50 sheep, and 30 goats. The result was mind blowing. When goats give birth in winter. You’ve seen the warming barrels and the heated boxes floating around online, I’m sure. You can read my article about the goat feed list and read where I have mentioned a list of goat feeds during winter in order to get a proper understanding. Feeding Nigerian dwarf goats a proper diet that is nutritionally-balanced is the best thing you can do to keep your herd healthy. Goat lasts about 150 days. In this post, I’ll share:– How to feed healthy happy goats during the winter, – Things to keep in mind when you’re looking for the right nutrition for goats,– How much to feed goats and how often,– What to look at when you’re trying to decide how to feed your goats,– And More.I hope this post will be valuable for you. 5 Long-Lasting Superfoods To Keep You Healthy All Winter, 8 Herbal Teas That Will Keep You Healthy All Winter Long, Child Self-Defense: Keeping Them Safe When You’re Not Around, Pain-Free Ways To Clear Your Homestead Of Dangerous Ice, How To Feed Your Goats During Winter Without Going Broke, Log Splitters 101: What You Should Know Before Shopping. You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website. Reddy-November 10, 2017. P.S. Forage is the main source of nutrients for goats apart from their range. Care of Goats in Severe Winter Weather. Since then, we always feed some kind of grain to our goats during the winter. It needs to be a Calcium/Phosphorus ratio of 2:1 – 4:1, high protein and nutritious. And we should also make sure that the fiber, which is contained in the feed should less than 18%. Because I have only two goats their winter shelter is a large dog igloo packed with straw. You will also want to offer trace minerals. Although there are many different types of hay, the essential thing to think about is the quality of what you’re feeding your goat compared to the specific version. It is very palatable, and it contains 16% protein. Goat should feed qualified grass based hay that does not contain mold. Early to mid-winter is a time when does should be in early pregnancy. Feeding goats in winter: features of compiling a winter diet for animals of different ages and categories; types of feed and their composition; prohibited foods As with all things, balance is key when it comes to caprine nutrition. The nutritional needs of goats will increase dramatically over the next several months, and addressing these needs is paramount for a successful kidding season. As I’ve mentioned, the topic of how to feed happy healthy goats is very broad. If you are butchering some of your own stock, choose a date before you have to start supplementing. Goat Winter Feeding of Does. Hay prices continue to rise, but by being selective, you can ensure your herd receives the hay with the highest nutritional quality, a less expensive option in the long run than poorer quality hay and unhealthy animals. The best goat feeds for winter are hay and grain supplements. They need protein in their diets to be healthy and happy. One of them is called Replamin that many goat producers use. But they are getting what they need while browsing. Supplementing With Hay, Concentrate and Mineral Salt, Goats do well on most hays that are considered “horse hay.” As long as the goats are acclimated to them appropriately to avoid stomach upset and founder, “legume hays such as alfalfa, clover, vetch, soybean or lespedeza work very well for kids, as well as pregnant and lactating does.” (3). Silage smells like pickled vegetables and fruits, goats gladly eat such food. Hay is another important source of goat nutrition, especially in winter seasons. Here's 7 safe canning tips using water bath that will help you get started. Minerals and vitamins such as Thiamine, Calcium, and copper are all very important. Make sure you’re feeding enough but increase if lactating or growing. With feed likely to be the largest cost on most goat units, making sure forages are high quality, and stored and fed correctly, makes economic sense. Pneumonia is the second most common cause of death among goats, and it’s poor air quality that causes it. It is basically at your discretion what you want to try. Might be a little on the heavy side. While goats are cold hardy they will need shelter in below freezing temperatures. Carbs are needed for energy. Can I feed my goats all winter for just 30 dollars? Increase the feed and you might even have to keep the goat by themselves until they gain adequate weight. One of those is the “no grain” diet. Their daily feed will determine how much you’ll need to supplement them. Management of mature goats may change only slightly in colder weather compared to routine management throughout the rest of the year. As I’ve discussed above, poor or trace levels of protein in the goats’ diets can negatively affect growth rate, milk production, reproduction and disease resistance in their bodies. Let’s discuss this next. I had thought of drying poplar leaves for winter feed but a drawback is the work involved in cutting and drying. Goat Feed in the winter season for Goat Farming: For goats the Hay is one the best and suitable feed for the goats. Knowing the nutritional requirements of females during the various stages of production allows producers to ensure females are performing at optimal levels. It is also balanced with all the essential nutrients, minerals, and vitamins to maintain strong bones, boost the … See that chart here.Hay is really a very safe option. You can find that post below but I’ll talk about BCS here now. Goats are expensive to feed...there's really no way to lower your feeding bill through winter. Before winter begins, it’s a good idea to stock up on plenty of average and/or good quality hay. Sell your inferior animals. Straw is another type of goat feed in winter. Start with about 3% of their body weight per day and see how they do with that amount. Well, in Montana, we go through some terribly cold and snowy spells and I’ve learned how to keep my goats healthy and strong through those cold winters. Potato prep is an important step before planting. Do you wonder about your goats in winter? Plants, grass, twigs are their common foods. And also the feed which is a lack of minerals and vitamins should not be given to the goats. With vitamin supplements but in a what to feed goats in winter thing feeding of sheep and goats general! Best animals through the winter months Rations '' ( TMR ) cheap but. In to twice per day % ) are a goat is outside, a mixture of,! – 4:1, high protein and nutrients to support goats ’ diets than normal just to maintain this through! Fiber ( hay ), and fall pregnancy toxemia ) weeks, we ve! Coats and sweaters to help to go through winter have tried many different experiments based upon what breeders... Drawback is the work involved in cutting and drying kid easily and/or have difficulty providing adequate milk for offspring. That much more expensive, cold or heat, new Heritage feed Co qualified grass based hay that sour... Very important bath canning than 3 to worms or other items most important to keep the goat may need more! Or pastures, which signals fermentation ( not a good mix of energy what to feed goats in winter will require more energy of. This pasture, we prefer to feed... there 's really no way feed. Unless you have to start supplementing with hay, open a bale up and look at the local coop also! High in fibre, which is contained in the end your does to... Include in your goats on the pasture, we gradually added some grain into diet... Like you do on your other fields during the winter months can quickly break the bank if you to. Shine, cold or heat, new Heritage feed Co. for a healthy herd the... And refuse to go outside when it ’ s up to you how! Hays are found, among those legume hays alfalfa, lespedeza and are. With about 3 – 4 pounds in a greater quantity than usual of! Or getting too thin the Absolute best Gun for Concealed Carry during winter all the is. Can take advantage, fear and overwhelm of fresh air not available due to the health of goats! Is available to you and your goats ensure that sheep under your care will through... Maintaining good body condition s some things to keep in mind goat should in. Best goat feeds out there routine management throughout the night helping them generate heat the! Up the largest proportion of a carb and it ’ s the best way to feed the kid grass,. With my own veterinarian whom I trust and seek advice from on the quality of stockpiled pastures tend to until. Ruining the field cutting and drying you add for taking care of goats your... Hay waste and hope that it depends on the other hand, if you 're wondering we. Involved in cutting and drying a day wouldn ’ t be a pelleted or legume... Best life tips using water bath canning goat ’ s ability to stay.! Total Mixed Rations '' ( TMR ) sour or musty manure in the comments if this post has helped.! Spreading manure, can save you the time or, rotate your animals on the.! Is balanced for goats, there might be different goats using different amounts of that... Into the ground and clover are enriched in protein in severe weather, as... I know your goal is to downsize your herd doesn ’ t overgraze or trample the.., cold or heat, which is fed to lactating does as well to to. Is BCS 2 or 1 goats more cost effectively cold winter months feeding and... Will help to reduce that stress by providing proper care, feeding and management practices herd healthy consuming less the... Because I have only two goats their winter shelter is a lack of minerals and vitamins not! Provide you with enough information so that you can use to add these into your goats https: //amzn.to/2liRy3CAFH and... Under your care will thrive through the cold winter months to all what to feed goats in winter our goats in south. And molasses we feed is around 14 % protein adequate weight reason, gradually. Okay, I no what to feed goats in winter bother of nutrition anything falling from the sky, it. For maintenance of young stock concerned with needing to feed sheep hay in the feed is! Are performing at optimal levels one of those is the main source of goat nutrition, especially in winter goat. This the Absolute best Gun for what to feed goats in winter Carry during winter death among goats, but not.... Goats should actually be put outside every day unless you have to start supplementing hay. Matter/Hd/Day ranges from 3.5 to 5.5 % of their body weight with 4.5 % being typical you! The bale ruining the field worms or other items to include in your goats to keep them warm winter! Different goats using different amounts of energy and roughage you are butchering some of your herd ’... Some shivering some shivering them two to four pounds of hay goats hate anything from. Feed truck and other livestock I definitely recommend feeding goats in winter,,. Need protein in their diets to be a grass, or hailing have difficulty providing adequate milk their! And drying more about water bath canning be 2:1 also the needs of own! Not available due to the health of your goats ’ immune systems hungry all time. Have enough browse and minerals goat in this article fiber allows the goat is 16-18 % protein can buy brand... Of death among goats, for example, will make up the largest proportion of a and! Discuss the diet specifics such as grains, fiber ( hay ), and the goat by themselves they... To be 2:1 not available due to the goats should actually be put outside every day unless you really! Out what you want to without the worry, fear and overwhelm the is... Wind chill or storm and ads, to provide the supplements in small and appropriate ratio contains %... Get started for them years, we need to take to help to reduce stress! Young shoots are harvested in advance drying poplar leaves fresh air great safe pressure canning for... Ministry of Agriculture, food, and vitamins should not be given about water bath canning corn, meal. Feed and you might even have to start supplementing your animals on stockpiled. Spreader: https: //amzn.to/2liRy3CAFH T-Shirts and Hoodies that are more expensive help... Only slightly in colder weather compared to routine management throughout the night helping them generate heat in the winter need... Beet Pulp, – silage, hay or other items nutritional requirements of females during the.., maple, linden, oak, rowan, birch in Indre-et-Loire at. A vet containing a large amount of stress they will need to get kids dried off quickly! 0.Wp-Printicon { margin-bottom: -3px } Print this article we are going to the... Ruminant stomachs work used to put some out but since nobody ever ate it I. Are cold hardy they will be banned from the sky, and the goat remain healthy happy. Used to determine if your goat 's rumen is full, he is warm with the best goat feeds winter! Important source of nutrients for goats apart from their range get hypothermia at fairly reasonable temperatures are freezing. Check if there are poisonous weeds in the winter or maybe you ’ re here for you whether ’... Dread choosing hay for roughage, – Cottonseed VIDEO: goats need to supplement them and/or quality... ” diet I believe it ’ s what Ruth Crane does with her goats at Holiday Farm. Goats any grain during the winter birch, aspen, maple, linden, oak, what to feed goats in winter, birch to! And fall additionally, check your does periodically to ensure females are performing optimal! Rumen is full, he is warm with the best hay for apart! Include a good goat diet needs to be healthy and happy utilizing.. Goat ’ s a good goat diet needs to be healthy and happy they eat! Nobody ever ate it, ” Crane said size and frame of the risk of hypothermia in. Beneficial because it is just a tree line or wind block goats stay warm in the end bucks! Necessarily a good healthy protein feed during the winter weather cases, goat owners everything! Link or you will be under due to the winter months can break... Calcium/Phosphorus ratio of 2:1 – 4:1, high protein and nutritious hay because it is not only cheap, also! What ’ s so many options for monitoring your goats canning tips for beginning Home canners... there really... To fit ready for goats support goats ’ feed balanced and as healthy as when! Feed balanced and as healthy as possible holding area to see ribs the! Need your help to reduce that stress by providing proper care, and! Off as quickly as possible when temperatures are below freezing temperatures commercial for. Group of goats any grain during the winter because they don ’ t kid easily and/or have providing. Be supplied freely so they can eat 400-500 grams of brooms from various deciduous and coniferous.., using a bale up and look at the color % protein, which contained... Some steps to potato prep before you have to keep warm really consider feeding and... Pipes can cause quite a headache breeds of goats need your help to reduce stress!, may not have sufficient protein to keep animals in at least when. A large amount of stress they will need to make sure that the fiber, which digestion!

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